大学英语四级写作高级句式,制胜兵法分享

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大学英语四级写作高级句式,制胜兵法分享

作者:Panta.Q  2019/08/22 17:42:22

要想写出一篇好文章,首先要了解一篇好文章的自我“修养”。一篇漂亮的文章应该达到以下几条标准:观点鲜明,论证有力,逻辑严谨,语意连贯,句式丰富多样,用词准确出彩。

第一,观点鲜明——观点清晰、直接,不模棱两可,不拐弯抹角。

第二,论证有力——论据可靠、充实,例证典型、有说服力,逻辑严密。

第三,逻辑严谨——段落之间、段落内部推理科学,论证有力。第四,语意连贯——句子之间语意相关,前后衔接,流畅自然。

第五,句式丰富多样——长短句错落,主被动夹杂,适当使用复合句、分词结构等高级句式。

第六,用词准确出彩——用词精练、准确、生动、地道。

由以上表述可以看出,论证有力、逻辑严谨、语意连贯三点紧密相关,互为条件。以上几点中,中国学生写作最容易犯的毛病就是文章空洞无物,论证不充分,缺乏逻辑,因此最需要勤加思考与练习。此外,语言方面大家应尽可能多阅读原版文章,用心学习其遣词造句,学会用英文思维,用地道的语言表达自己的思想。了解了一篇好文章应该具备的特质,到底该如何写出一篇好文章呢?送大家九字箴言:多读书,勤动脑,常动笔。

首先,多读书,多读优秀作品,多读原版文章。如果只是想短期内提高四级作文水平,捷径便是多读优秀范文,多读英文报刊上有关热点话题的专题报道。研读优秀范文时可着重关注作者的立论、段落组织、论据选择、行文逻辑与相关主题常用表达。读英文报刊时可着重了解英文思维方式,并积累地道的英文表达。

其次,勤动脑,勤于思考。好文章好在哪?自己应该如何学习与应用?自己文章的不足该如何改正与提高?任何学习都离不开反思,大家一定要养成勤于思考的习惯,从以上角度思考如何提高自己的写作水平。

最后,常动笔。写作是一项技能,技能必须通过练习才能提高。备考时大家至少每种体裁的文章各练两篇,尤其是论说文。练习第一篇时可以不考虑时间限制,从阅读写作提示审题开始,一步步构思、写提纲、行文、修改,直至完成。修改可以反复进行,先自行修改,再让同学修改,然后请老师修改,最后在老师的指导意见下再修改。唯有如此,方得提高。特别提醒大家,行文与修改时应该心中谨记好文章的六点特质。且看以下范文。

Structure
Sample

段落组织:开篇开门见山,直入主题。段末亮出观点,观点鲜明。

The Harm of PC Games

主体段分点论述,逻辑清晰。分论点细节充实,层层递进,逻辑严谨,论证有力,语意连贯,流畅自然。

First of all, PC games are a big distraction from a student's study. Game addicts are so preoccupied with fighting their way in the virtual world that they have little time for their study.As a result, their academic performance suffers.In some worse cases,a student has to drop out.Second, addiction to PC games takes a toll on one's health. If a student plays PC games for an extended period of time, it can be quite a strain on his eyes.Moreover,a chronie lack of sleep and exercise may lead to some health problems such as obesity, and muscular disorder. Third, video games containing violence may exert negative influence on players. There are studies which reveal the more time one spends on violent games, the more likely one is to display aggressive behavior.

尾段:总结

Considering all this, it is suggested that PC game lovers limit their time on PC games, shun games with unhealthy contents and more importantly, engage in other more meaningful activities.
Language:语言表达:首段长短句错落,生动有致;主体段与结尾段恰当使用定语从句、状语从句、宾语从句等复合句,句式丰富多样。准确使用衔接词使文章逻辑清晰,如主体段的first of all,second,third,as a result,moreover,末段的considering all this。恰当使用限定词和短语,使表意精准,如首段的sometimes,even,主体段的 in some worse cases,chronic。多样化表达,避免重复,如文章分别用play PC games,experience the excitement,fight their way in the virtual world来表达玩电脑游戏。准确使用短语与句型,如be equipped with,devote to,b preoccupied with,take a toll on,exert influence on,engage in,so..…that..…;It is suggested that...

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