​这些英语知识点,你值得收藏

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​这些英语知识点,你值得收藏

作者:Abigail  2019/04/12 17:37:06

1、现在进行时

表示正在发生的事情或进行的动作,常与now,listen,look等词连用,结构是主语+be动词(am, is, are)+动词ing.

如:It is raining now.

外面正在下雨

It is six o’clock now.

现在6点了

My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.

我父母正在客厅看报纸

Look! The children are having a running race now.

看!孩子们正在赛跑

问句将be动词移前,否定句在be动词后+not.

2、一般现在时

表示经常反复发生的事情或动作,常与often, usually,

sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等词连用。

结构是主语+动词原形;当主语为第三人称单数即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等词时,动词后加s或es.

如:We have an English lesson every day.

我们每天都要上英语课。

Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.

男孩比女孩跑的快吗?是的。

问句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t,后面动词一定要还原。

3、一般过去时

表示发生在过去的事情或存在的状态,常与just now; a

moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等词连用。

结构是主语+be动词的过去式(was; were)或主语+动词的过去式。

注意:be动词与动词过去式不可同时使用。

如:My earphones were on the ground just now.

我的耳机刚刚还在呢。

Where were you last week? I was at a camp.

你上个星期去哪了?我去野营了。

What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm.

你昨天去干嘛了?我去参观农场了。

问句有be动词将be动词移前,没有be动词借助于did,后面动词还原;

否定句有be动词在后面加not,没有借助于didn't后面动词还原。

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4、一般将来时

表示将要打算发生的事情或动作,常与tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening;afternoon;…)today等词连用。结构是主语+be(am,is, are) going to + 动原或主语+will +动原。

如:What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.

你明天要去干嘛?我要去野餐。

The children are going to have a sports meeting next week.

孩子们下个星期将参加运动会。

Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.

Tom今晚将和父母去看演出。

问句将be动词或will移前;否定句在be动词或will后加not.

5、情态动词

can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加动词原形。

如:The girl can’t swim, but she can skate.

女孩不会游泳,但是会滑冰

Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.

不要再课上说话,你应该认真听老师讲。

6、祈使句

肯定祈使句以动词原形开头;否定祈使句以don’t加动词原形开头。

如:Open the box for me ,please.

请为我打开盒子。

Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.

刘涛,明天请早点起床!

Don’t walk on the grass!

不要在草地上走!

Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.

海伦!不要爬树。

浸泡村国际英语

7、go的用法

去干嘛用go +动词ing

如: go swimming; go fishing;go skating;go camping;go running;go skiing;go rowing…

8、比较

than 前用比较级;as…as之间用原级。

如:My mother is two years younger than my father.

我妈比我爸年轻两岁。

Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.

刘涛跳得和本一样远。

9、喜欢做某事

用like +动词ing或like+ to + 动原。

如: Su Yang likes growing flowers.

苏阳喜欢种花。

The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.

孩子们喜欢在春节去玩花灯。

10、形容词副词比较级的构成

规则的:

(1)直接在形容词或副词后加er

如;small—smaller; low—lower;

(2)以e结尾的加r

如:late—later;

(3)双写词尾加er

如:big—bigger; thin—thinner;fat—fatter;

(4) 以辅音字母加y结尾的改y为i加er

如:heavy—heavier; early—earlier;

不规则的有:

good, well—better(最高级为best); many, much--- more(最高级为most); far---farther;

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